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   Teacher-Research and the Art of the Professional Experiment: Reflective Practice in the Practical-Knowledge Tradition  
نویسنده Farrell Peter
منبع International Journal Of Language Studies - 2015 - دوره : 9 - شماره : 1 - صفحه:1 -22
چکیده    Donald sch?n’s (1987) seminal work, “educating the reflective practitioner”, began a movement where reflective practice came to be understood as a hallmark of what it is to be a professional. thinking-in-action is where the professional calls upon, experience, knowledge, skill and intuition to solve a problem of practice. reflecting after the fact is called thinking-on-action and provides for a systematic review of the outcome and process arising from solving the problem. sch?n then suggested a third iteration of reflection, and it is during this process that the author suggests that the professional may challenge, legitimise and augment practical-knowledge by accessing other sources of information. less well known are sch?n’s approaches to professional experimentation which include move-testing, exploratory experiments, and hypothesis testing where the variables are manipulated in order to bring about the desired result. the present paper uses reflective practice to mediate teacher research into solving a problem of practice around the teaching and learning of language conventions in the author’s own school. comparisons with action research are made.
کلیدواژه Reflection ,Teacher-Research ,Practical Knowledge ,Small School ,Problem Of Practice ,Donald Sch?N
آدرس Independent Researcher, Australia

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