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   Experimental Study of Smear Layer and Debris Remaining Following the Use of Four Root Canal Preparation Systems Using Scanning Electron Microscopy  
نویسنده زارع جهرمی مریم ,فتحی محمدحسین ,ضمیران سعید
منبع مجله دندانپزشكي جامعه اسلامي دندانپزشكان - 1392 - دوره : 25 - شماره : 3 - صفحه:179 -185
چکیده    AbstractBackground and Aim: Since the use of rotary nickel titanium instruments is an es-sential part of endodontic treatment, itis important to compare the root canal cleaning ability of these instruments. The aim of this study was to compare the amount of smear layer and debris remaining following the use of four rotary instruments: MTwo, Pro Taper, Race and BioRaCe.Materials and Methods: A total of120 mesiobuccal canals of extracted human first molars with apical root curvature of 10° to 20°were selected. Working length of all roots was 19 mm. The roots were randomly divided into four groups of 30 specimens. After the preparation of access cavity, the roots were instrumented using rotary instruments according to the manufacturer’s instructions. After each file, the root canal was irrigated with 2.5%sodium hypochlorite. Then the roots were studied under scanning electron microscope. The smear layer and debris scoreswere evaluated by 2 endodontistsusingSchafer and Schlingemannclassification. Kruskal -Wallis and Dunn tests were used for statistical analysis of results.Results: The amount of smear layer produced by MTwo was lower than the other instrumentation techniques and it was significantly lower than that in BioRaCe system (p < 0.05). The amount of debris was also lower in the mentioned group but the difference in this respect between groups was not significant. BioRaCe system had the highest level of remained smear layer while Pro Taper had the highest amount of remained debris.Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, it was revealed that MTwo instru-ments had greater capability of removing smear layer and debris than the BioRaCe system. Key Words: Root canal preparation/instrumentation , Smear layer , SEM
کلیدواژه Root canal preparation/instrumentation ,Smear layer ,SEM
آدرس Assistant Professor, Department of Endodontics, School of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, Iran, ایران, isfahan university of technology, ایران, Endodontist, ایران
پست الکترونیکی saeedzamiran@yahoo.com

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