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   الزامات تحقق پذیری کارآفرینی پایدار در روستاهای ساحلی جنوب جزیره قشم  
نویسنده علیزاده طولی محمد ,رحمانی بیژن ,منشی زاده رحمت الله ,مرید السادات پگاه ,رضویان محمدتقی
منبع اقتصاد فضا و توسعه روستايي - 1400 - دوره : 10 - شماره : 2 - صفحه:257 -272
چکیده    یکی از مباحث مهم در بحث توسعه و به خصوص توسعه پایدار، بهره‌گیری مناسب و بهینه از توانایی‌ها و استعدادهای روستایی در جامعه روستایی است که از آن با عنوان کارآفرینی روستایی پایدار یاد می شود. با توجه به این موضوع، اهمیت به موقعیت خاص روستاها و رونق اقتصادی برای آنان امری ضروری و دور از اجتناب است هدف پژوهش حاضر شناسایی و توسعه کارآفرینی پایدار در روستاهای ساحلی قشم از نظر تعاونی های برتر قشم است. این پژوهش از نظر هدف جزء تحقیقات کاربردی بنیادی محسوب می گردد و از نظر روش تحقیق یک تحقیق توصیفی پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش کارشناسان تعاونی های روستایی قشم است. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که مدل نهایی کارآفرینی پایدار روستاهای ساحلی مورد مطالعه متشکل از مولفه های آموزشی، فرهنگی اجتماعی، زیرساخت - فیزیکی، سرمایه مالی، و در نهایت مولفه تولید بازاریابی بوده است. بعلاوه بیشترین اثرگذاری کارافرینی پایدار در روستاهای ساحلی جنوب جزیره قشم مربوط به مولفه اقتصادی و کم ترین اثر مربوط به مولفه دانش مهارت بوده است.
کلیدواژه کارآفرینی پایدار، تعاونی های روستایی، روستاهای ساحلی، جزیره قشم
آدرس دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی, ایران, دانشگاه شهیدبهشتی, ایران, دانشگاه شهید بهشتی, ایران, دانشگاه شهید بهشتی, ایران, دانشگاه شهید بهشتی, ایران
   Requirements for achieving sustainable entrepreneurship in the coastal villages located in south of Qeshm Island  
Authors Rahmani Bijan ,Alizadeh Tooli Mohammad ,Razavian Mohammad Taghi ,Moridsadat Pegah ,Monshizadeh Rahmatullah
Abstract    IntroductionRural areas in the country, today, suffer from myriad challenges such as poverty, latent unemployment, environmental degradation, inequality in the distribution of opportunities and resources between urban and rural areas, which indicates the failure of former rural development strategies to provide successful solutions to address them. Therefore, sustainable entrepreneurship development targeting sustainable rural development tend to be an appropriate strategy. Sustainable entrepreneurship in a specific geographical area, such as the coastal villages of Qeshm Island resonates many rural areas of the country. Despite the numerous natural and economic potentials, they face with many challenges. Due to lack of comprehensive planning and lack of systemic vision, the coastal villages of Qeshm Island are like other rural areas of the country are currently in a poor situation and faces many problems such as poverty, widespread youth unemployment, water shortages, migration, inadequate infrastructure, etc. Nonetheless, the formation of cooperatives (production, distribution and sale) facilitate rural economic activities. Local organizations, on the other hand, are possible through the formation of competitive and endogenous small and mediumsized enterprises, especially in the industrial and service sectors. This can be an appropriate and logical answer to the issues which is along with the development of the agricultural sector. In these companies, villagers are central to the decisions. The existence of cooperatives, especially actors in this field, as well as obtaining their opinions on sustainable entrepreneurship in coastal villages can be helpful. This study explores the requirements for sustainable entrepreneurship from practitioners rsquo; point of view.MethodologyThe present study was conducted in order to meet the requirements for sustainable entrepreneurship, which is one of the main concerns. Not only will this improve the level of development of rural communities, but also it helps exploit agricultural lands as one of the most important assets of villagers and national capital in the best way. The analysis of the questionnaire data was done using two software Spss20 and Amos. First, ANOVA, ttest for independent groups, Pearson correlation, and regression were conducted using Spss20 software. Then, goodness of fit test for measuring latent variables of the research, confirmatory factor analysis was used. In addition, in order to test the relationships between latent variables in the conceptual model of the research, structural model analysis was used for path analysis using Amos software. Structural equation modeling is an approach that includes two stages, namely the measurement model and the structural model. The first stage, the measurement model, examines the validity, reliability and relevance of the latent variables of the research using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). In the second stage, the structural model evaluates the hypotheses about the relationship between the latent variables (structures) of the research.Discussion and conclusion Sustainable entrepreneurship approach in terms of comprehensiveness and attention to the principle of sustainability via combining these assets and resources provides mechanisms for employment and secure the income, and by ignoring the elimination and restrictive methods, local communities will be led to optimal exploitation of natural resources. Entrepreneurial assets concentrate on local basic resources. These assets are presented in the form of a fivedimensional model including human, natural, social, physical and financial capital. The present study was conducted in order to meet the requirements for sustainable entrepreneurship, which is one of the main concerns. Not only will this improve the level of development of rural communities, but also it helps exploit agricultural lands as one of the most important assets of villagers and national capital in the best way. To answer this question, a survey was conducted from the community of cooperative experts. Firstly, after reviewing the questionnaires and analyzing the relationship between variables and testing the hypothesis, the result was obtained. Rural development of Qeshm indicates that sustainable entrepreneurship = educational component * 0.28 + sociocultural component * 0.25 + physical infrastructure component * 0.17 + financial capital component * 0.30 + productionmarketing component * 0.37. According to the survey conducted based on the respondents, the most impact is the economic component and the least impact is the knowledgeskills component. Therefore, the greatest impact is related to factors such as profitability, investment, financial strength of users, land prices, different land uses in creating new job opportunities, tourism boom, access to new technologies, diversification of household income, provision of infrastructure by the government, product insurance, the effectiveness of existing laws and regulations, improving government programs and policies, reducing the risk of various land uses.
Keywords Sustainable entrepreneurship ,rural cooperatives ,coastal villages ,Qeshm Island

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