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   effect of corm size and plant population density on corm yield of taro (colocasia esculenta l.)  
   
نویسنده gebre aynalem ,tesfaye bizuayehu ,mengesha kassahun beemnet
منبع international journal of advanced biological and biomedical research - 2015 - دوره : 3 - شماره : 3 - صفحه:309 -315
چکیده    objective: taro (colocasia esculenta l. schott) is a perennial root crop that belongs to araceace family.  it is widely cultivated as a staple food in africa, asia and pacific islands. despite its importance, there is limited information on many aspects of the crop. in order to obtain data that can support improved and sustainable taro production, a field trial was conducted to study the effects of corm size and plant population density on the growth and corm yield of taro (variety boloso1) was investigated during 2007 cropping season. methods: the experiment consisted of fivecorm size (50, 51100, 101150, 151200 and 201250 g) and five levels of planting densities (15037, 29629, 45454, 60606 and 74074 plants/ha) arranged in a factorial randomized complete block design with three replications. results: the results indicated that corm size had a highly significant (p<0.001) influence on plant height, leaf number, shoot number , leaf area index, corm and cormels number/plant, corm and cormels yield/ ha of taro. all the parameters were increased with increased in corm size. plant population density exert significant influence (p<0.001) on all the studied parameter except on plant height and number of leaf/plant. the interaction effect of corm size and population density was none significant on all the studied parameters. the highest average corm yield/ha (44.07 t/ha) was achieved at a population of 60,606 plants/ ha using seed corms having 51-100 g. these could be recommended for farmers in production area similar with the study site.
کلیدواژه corm size ,ethiopia. growth ,plant population ,density ,taro ,yield
آدرس ethiopian institute of agricultural research, wondo genet agricultural research center, ethiopia, hawassa university, college of plant sciences, department of horticulture, ethiopia, ethiopian institute of agricultural research, wondo genet agricultural research center, ethiopia
 
 

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