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   طراحی و تحلیل یک ابزار لاپاراسکوپی نوین برای اندازه‌گیری مشخصات بیومکانیکی ارگان‌های حجیم داخل شکمی در حالت زنده  
نویسنده نظری نسب داریوش ,میرباقری علیرضا ,فرهمند فرزام ,افشاری الناز
منبع مهندسي پزشكي زيستي - 1392 - دوره : 7 - شماره : 4 - صفحه:311 -319
چکیده    During laparoscopy surgery, the surgeon cannot touch the tissues directly by his/her hand. as a result, he is not able to use tactile sensing for evaluating the tissues’ mechanical behavior and diagnosing their normal/pathological conditions. furthermore in vivo biomechanical characteristics of intra-abdominal soft tissues are among the main data required for surgery simulator softwares. the purpose of this research was to design and analyze a robotic surgical instrument which could grasp and compress the intra-abdominal large soft tissues and provide their force-displacement characteristics. the designed device is analogous to a robotic hand with two fingers, which are opened and closed using a parallelogram mechanism. a combined mechanism, including two connected sliding links and a compensatory cam, are used to prevent the fingers horizontal motion and keep the contact area fixed. the results of the kinematics analysis indicate the efficacy of the designed mechanism to provide pure vertical motion in fingers, parallel to each other. also, the results of dynamic analysis indicate that, after dimensional optimization, the maximum force required at the actuator is 65 n, to apply a 10 n compressive force to the tissue at the middle of grasping range.
کلیدواژه بافت نرم ,دست رباتیک ,سختی‌سنجی ,لاپاراسکوپی ,ابزار جراحی رباتیک ,Soft Tissue ,Robotic Hand ,Elastometry ,Laparoscopy ,Robotic Surgery Instrument
آدرس دانشگاه صنعتی شریف, ایران, دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران, ایران, دانشگاه صنعتی شریف, ایران, دانشگاه صنعتی امیرکبیر, ایران
پست الکترونیکی elnaz.afshari@aut.ac.ir

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