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   symbols of the clan of qāren and the rank of bidaxšin sassanian times  
نویسنده khorashadi sorour
منبع international journal of the society of iranian archaeologists - 2015 - دوره : 1 - شماره : 2 - صفحه:107 -117
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چکیده    sassanian artists were realistic in creating memorial artworks, but their artistic style did not necessarily result in exactdepiction of figures with accurate facial representations. in contrast, such realism manifests itself only through determined appearancesand unchangeable artistic conventions. doing so, identifying people is only possible by recognizing their distinct crowns, headbands,attire, specific signs, position in queues, their posture and overall representation in the figure. based on semiological analyses, in thispaper, it has been argued that pāpak, a member of the famous clan of qāren was “bidaxš” and that vice-regent of bahram ii, bahramiii, nerseh and hormizd ii. contrary to some scholars’ argument concerning the resemblance between the symbols of bidaxš and thoseof the qāren clan, a close comparison shows a significant dissimilarity between the two. while the symbol of the clan of qāren is ablossoming bud on a horizontal line, the symbol of bidaxš is a bud surrounded by two leaves. that is not portrayed on a horizontalline. the relief of hormizd ii at naqsh-e rustam is perhaps the best example in this case, which clearly demonstrates the differencebetween the two symbols. at naqsh-e rustam, both symbols are depicted on the helmet of hormizd ii’s defeated enemy. the nobilityof “bidaxš pāpak,” therefore, refutes the stereotype idea among some scholars who argue that the rank of bidaxš was only restrictedto the royal family.
کلیدواژه sassanid dynasty ,bidaxš ,pāpak ,the clan of qāren ,semiology
آدرس tarbiat modares university, department of history, iran
پست الکترونیکی sorur_khorashadi@yahoo.com

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