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   the chalcolithic period in the bakhtiyāri highlands:recently-discovered sites in fārsān,chāhār mahāl va bakhtiyāri, irān  
نویسنده khosrowzadeh alireza
منبع international journal of the society of iranian archaeologists - 2015 - دوره : 1 - شماره : 2 - صفحه:71 -92
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چکیده    fārsān is a county in the chāhār mahāl va bakhtiyāri province, located in the central zagros region, where fairly highmountains with several peaks reaching a height over 3000 meters overlook a natural landscape consisting of a relatively small plainand multiple ravines that disperse away. archaeologically, the plain is among the least-known areas on the iranian plateau. anarchaeological survey program was carried out in the area in 2007 by the author. this survey identified and recorded a large number ofprehistoric sites of which 28 could be dated to the chalcolithic period. not surprisingly, given the natural setting of the region, surfacescatters without significant height account for a major proportion of the identified sites. based on the morphology and observationsof the modern regional nomadic tribes as well as the scarcity of surface finds, the recorded sites are of temporary encampment nature.in the surface assemblage from fārsān, the early, middle and late chalcolithic phases are represented, though the material from themiddle phase predominates. thus, the majority of the sites may belong to this phase. in the early chalcolithic period, we are faced withfewer sites, while the late phase shows a decreasing trend in terms of site distribution compared to the middle chalcolithic period.the chalcolithic pottery reveals very close relations with contemporary material from fars (bakun a and b), khuzestan (middle andlate susiana) and to some extent from the iranian plateau. however, the closest parallels can be found in the prehistoric cultures offars. extensive cross-regional interactions appear to have prevailed between fārsān and susiana plain and fars in the period underdiscussion. increased intra and inter-regional contacts in effect characterize the chalcolithic period. though also being the case in thepreceding periods, the trend towards increased contact significantly augmented in this period as the large body of available evidencesuggests. the chalcolithic sherds collected during the present survey find close parallels among the related assemblages from sites insusiana and fars.
کلیدواژه chalcolithic ,fārsān ,pottery ,nomadism
آدرس shahrekord university, archaeology department, iran
پست الکترونیکی akhosrowzadeh@yahoo.com

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