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   an archaeological study of the tokens fromtepe zāgheh, qazvin plain, irān  
   
نویسنده niloufar moghimi ,fazeli nashli hassan
منبع international journal of the society of iranian archaeologists - 2015 - دوره : 1 - شماره : 2 - صفحه:28 -40
فایل تمام متن
چکیده    the study of circumstances surrounding the development of record-keeping for information purposes, and of what these recordslooked like in prehistoric human societies has always been of significance in archaeological research. such research is importantbecause it relates to the beginnings of the use of accounting which came to be one of the main elements of institutionalized managementand bureaucracies under urbanization and in historical periods. tepe zāgheh is one of the key sites during the transitional period fromneolithic to chalcolithic period in the qazvin plain, having provided a considerable collection of tokens (counting objects) in additionto various other pieces of the archaeological evidence discovered in the excavations carried out there. thus 238 zāgheh tokens wereavailable for typological study and theoretical analysis. the principal goals of this paper are to re-identify accounting and reckoningsystems at tepe zāgheh and to identify the evolutionary stages of these systems in zāgheh. it is apparent from implemented studiesthat zāgheh society had an early form of accounting system for keeping track of farming products and of animal counts, and that tokenswere the principal devices used in this process.
کلیدواژه irān ,qazvin plain ,tepe zāgheh ,accounting system ,counting objects / tokens ,transitional period from neolithic tochalcolithic
آدرس university of tehran, university of tehran
پست الکترونیکی hfazelin@ut.ac.ir
 
 

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